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Video Production Glossary

January 23, 2006

Digital Video: A type of video recording that can be transferred or “imported” onto a computer.

A digital video editing program (software) for Macintosh computers that we will use to put together our video.

Audio: Anything you hear in a video: voices, music, or sound effects.

Shots or Video Clips: A piece of video created by pressing record (REC) on the camera to record for any length of time and ending when record is pressed again. Each shot your shoot should first be planned with a storyboard.

Sequence: A group of shots put together to tell a part of a story.

Storyboard: A sketch, or drawing that shows what will appear on screen in your movie. Storyboards also have writing that describes what the audience that watches your video will hear when they see each shot. Storyboards are the first step in changing writing into video.

Frame: Like a picture frame. The rectangular area you draw in on your storyboard. Or the rectangle of space you see through the camera lens, or on a TV or computer screen.

Still Frame:
Like a photograph. A still frame is like frozen moment in a video. There are 30 still frames in every second of digital video.

Still Image: A still image can be a still frame, a photograph, an image from the Internet, or any other image that is seen on the screen, but has no movement within it.

Close-up Shot: A picture where one detail appears close to the camera. Close-Ups fill the “frame” with one thing. That thing can be a person, a part of a person (like their eyes), or an object (like the cover of a book). Close-Ups are good for showing emotions.

Mid Shot: A picture that shows relationships between things (like a person standing next to another person, or a book on a table). People or things in Mid Shots are close enough to the camera to tell who or what they are. Mid Shots are good for showing people talking).

Wide Shot: A picture that shows a wide range of objects, people or space (like a whole classroom, a whole library full of books, or the whole school building and the street). Wide shots are good for showing where you are in your video, and who or what is there. Wide shots are not good for showing details.

Sound on Tape: Sounds that are recorded with video onto your videotape. This is sometimes called “natural” sound.

Words being spoken by characters that appear in the video. Any time someone says something, that is dialogue.

Voice Over (Narration):
A voice that you hear in a video from a person that you don’t see on the screen. Voice Over sound goes over a video image of something else. A narrator telling a story will often be heard as a Voice Over, heard with images that help tell the story.

Sound Effects: Special sounds created by the computer, or recorded by you added to a video to make something stand out.

Zoom in: Adjusting the camera lens to make objects or people look larger in the frame, or closer to the camera.

Zoom out: Adjusting the camera lens to make objects or people look smaller in the frame, or further away from the camera.

“A” Roll:
The main shots that tell what’s going on in a story (a main character on camera talking is “A” Roll).

“B” Roll:
Shots that are added to “A” Roll during editing to add details to the story (if your character is on camera talking about a book she read in the “A” Roll, you might show a “B” Roll close-up of the book while you still hear her voice).

Splitting Video (Cutting): Any time one shot in a video ends and another begins. In iMovie this is called “Splitting” video clips. When you hear a video director say “CUT!” that means they are stopping that shot, or cutting the video at that spot, to be followed by the next shot.

Titles: Words that a video editor can add to the images on the screen. When you see the name of the movie on the screen when it starts, that is a “title”.

Transitions: Special video effects added during editing that change the way one shot changes to the next.

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